FLDIGI Users Manual 4.0
Fldigi can operate on the following Contestia modes without special setup by the operator:
|Mode||Symbole Rate (Baud)||Typing speed (WPM)||Bandwidth (Hz)|
|Contestia 4-250||62.5||~ 40||250|
|Contestia 8-250||31.25||~ 30||250|
|Contestia 4-500||125||~ 78||500|
|Contestia 8-500||62.5||~ 60||500|
|Contestia 16-500||31.25||~ 30||500|
|Contestia 8-1000||125||~ 117||1000|
|Contestia 16-1000||62.5||~ 78||1000|
|Contestia 32-1000||31.25||~ 48||1000|
Unusual combinations of symbol rate and bandwidth can be selected using the Contestia Configuration tab.
Contestia is a digital mode directly derived from Olivia that is not quite as robust - but more of a compromise between speed and performance. It was developed by Nick Fedoseev, UT2UZ, in 2005. It sounds almost identical to Olivia, can be configured in as many ways, but has essentially twice the speed.
Contestia has 40 formats just like Olivia - some of which are considered standard and they all have different characteristics. The formats vary in bandwidth (125,250,500,1000, and 2000hz) and number of tones used (2,4,8,16,32,64,128, or 256). The standard Contestia formats (bandwidth/tones) are 125/4, 250/8, 500/16, 1000/32, and 2000/64. The most commonly used formats right now seem to be 250/8, 500/16, and 1000/32.
Contestia performs very well under weak signal conditions. It handles QRM, QRN, and QSB very well also. It decodes below the noise level but Olivia still outperforms it in this area by about 1.5 - 3db depending on configuration.
It is twice as fast as Olivia per configuration. It is an excellent weak signal, ragchew, QRP, and DX digital mode. When ragchewing under fair or better conditions it can be more preferable to many hams than Olivia because of the faster speed. For contests it might also be a good mode IF the even faster configurations such as 1000/8 or 500/4 are used.
Contestia get it's increased speed by using a smaller symbol block size (32) than Olivia (64) and by a using 6bit decimal character set rather than 7bit ASCII set that Olivia does. Therefore, it has a reduced character set and does not print out in both upper and lower case (like RTTY). Some traffic nets might not want to use this mode because it does not support upper and lower case characters and extended characters found in many documents and messages. For normal digital chats and ham communications that does not pose any problem.